What Did Irenaeus of Lyons Teach?

Irenaeus was born around 115 AD and was martyred around 200 AD.  He was a disciple of Polycarp; who was a disciple of John The Apostle.  He is best known for his 5 books named “Against Heresies” which was comprised around 180AD and addressed the Gnostism heresy.  He generally laid out the orthodoxies of Christianity and express two very important aspects of the faith; scriptural authority and teaching linage from the apostles themselves.  He was a church leader in Gaul which is now Lyons France and had influence with the church leader in Rome, Victor I and later important church teachers like Hippolytus of Rome.  His teachings validates the teachings from the apostles, to their disciples, to him; the succession of truth.

Catholics use him to try and validate “Sacrad Tradition” and the Papacy.  The serious problems with that is no where does he mention the office of the pope.  Secondly, he talks about the apostolic tradition and succession; then essential says the Apostles then write the traditions and teachings down and passed it on that way.  thus, sacred tradition is really the apostolic linage and hermeneutics of scripture and not ‘unwritten’ religious acts (according to Irenaeus of Lyons).

He is extremely valuable to the history of the church because of how extensive his writings were and still are.  Although some of his writings are lost or are only found in late quotes or fragments, his Against Heresies is large for its age which provides deep insight into what was doing on and what was passed on to the 3rd to 5th generation of disciples.

Summery of what he taught:

  • Authority, Authenticity, and Clarity of Scripture
  • Apostolic Hermeneutics, and Linage
  • Millennial Kingdom and bodily resurrection
  • “The Rule of Faith”
  • God’s absolute sovereignty and knowledge
  • The Trinity
  • Unconditional Election
  • The Deity of Jesus
  • Hypostatic Union of Jesus
  • Virgin Birth of Jesus
  • Salvation by Grace through Faith
  • Faith produces works
  • No sinlessness in this life
  • No License to Sin
  • Emotionalism
  • Importance of Confession and Repentance 
  • Errors with Legalism, Numerology, Secret knowledge, and Prosperity Gospel

Read his writings in their entirety here:

http://ift.tt/1dys01Y

Below is some of his quotes in topical order:

Authority of Scripture

He quotes from all major Old Testament and all the New Testament writings except Philemon, 3 John or Jude.  He quoted them in such a way as to disprove Gnostic arguments as if they are the authoritative writings of what is true.
1.22.1 “Thus saith the Scripture [then quotes from a biblical text]”
1.31.1 “They declare that
Judas the traitor was thoroughly acquainted with these things, and that he
alone, knowing the truth as no others did, accomplished the mystery of the
betrayal; by him all things, both earthly and heavenly, were thus thrown into
confusion. They produce a fictitious history of this kind, which they style the
Gospel of Judas.”
2.9.1 “that all the Scriptures call out [to
the same effect], and the Lord teaches us of this Father
who is in heaven, and no other”
2.27.1 “rendering
the knowledge of them easy to him by means of daily study. These things are such
as fall [plainly] under our observation, and are clearly and unambiguously in
express terms set forth in the Sacred Scriptures.”
2.27.2 “I have shown
from the very words of Scripture;”
3.1.1 “WE have learned from none others the plan of our salvation, than from
those through whom the Gospel has come down to us, which they did at one time
proclaim in public, and, at a later period, by the will of God, handed down to
us in the Scriptures,”
3.2.1 “When, however, they are confuted from the Scriptures, they turn round and
accuse these same Scriptures, as if they were not correct, nor of authority,
3.7-10 Uses Paul’s letters, synoptic gospels, and the OT as authority
3.16 the
Apostolic Writings, that Jesus Christ Was One and the Same, the Only Begotten
Son of God, Perfect God and Perfect Man.

Clarity of Scripture

2.27.2 ” Since,
therefore, the entire Scriptures, the prophets, and the Gospels, can be clearly,
unambiguously, and harmoniously understood by all,”

Apostolic Hermeneutics

With the arguments of scriptural authority and apostolic linage he thus argues that he is in line with the the teachings and scriptural interpretations as the apostles.

I1.1 “These men falsify the oracles of God, and prove themselves evil
interpreters of the good word of revelation.”
I1.2 “because their language resembles ours, while their
sentiments are very different”
1.6.6 ” the method which these men employ to deceive
themselves, while they abuse the Scriptures by endeavouring to support their own
system out of them.”
1.6.4 “In like manner he also who retains unchangeable
in his heart the rule of the truth which he received by means of baptism, will
doubtless recognise the names, the expressions, and the parables taken from the
Scriptures,”
1.10.2 “For the
Churches which have been planted in Germany do not believe or hand down anything
different, nor do those in Spain, nor those in Gaul, nor those in the East, nor
those in Egypt, nor those in Libya, nor those which have been established in the
central regions
of the world. But as the sun, that creature of God, is one and the same
throughout the whole world, so also the preaching of the truth shineth
everywhere”
1.27.2 “Many offshoots of numerous heresies have already been formed from those
heretics we have described. This arises from the fact that numbers of
them-indeed, we may say all-desire themselves to be teachers, and to break off
from the particular heresy in which they have been involved. Forming one set of
doctrines out of a totally different system of opinions, and then again others
from others, they insist upon teaching something new, declaring themselves the
inventors of any sort of opinion which they may have been able to call into
existence.”
2.10.1 “by the fact
that they thus endeavour to explain ambiguous passages of Scripture (ambiguous,
however, not as if referring to another god, but as regards the dispensations of
[the true] God), they have constructed another god,”
2.27.1 “therefore the parables
ought not to be adapted to ambiguous expressions. For, if this be not done, both
he who explains them will do so without danger, and the parables will receive a
like interpretation from all, and the body
of truth remains entire, with a harmonious adaptation of its members, and
without any collision [of its several parts]. But to apply expressions which are
not clear or evident to interpretations of the parables, such as every one
discovers for himself as inclination leads him, [is absurd.
]”
2.27.2 “since parables admit of many interpretations, what lover of truth will
not acknowledge, that for them to assert God is to be searched out from these,
while they desert what is certain, indubitable, and true, is the part of men who
eagerly throw themselves into danger, and act as if destitute of reason?”
2.27.3 ” the
parables shall harmonize with those passages which are perfectly plain; and
those statements the meaning of which is clear, shall serve to explain the
parables; and through the many diversified utterances [of Scripture] there shall
be heard
one harmonious melody in us, praising in hymns that God who created all things.”

Apostolic Linage

He makes the argument that because he and his contemporaries were taught by those who were directly taught by Jesus their teachings are from Jesus himself and the Gnostic teachers are not.

1.10.2 “the Church, having received this preaching and
this faith, although scattered throughout the whole world, yet, as if occupying
but one house, carefully preserves it…  teaches them, and hands them down, with perfect harmony, as
if she possessed only one mouth. For, although the languages of the world are
dissimilar, yet the import of the tradition is one and the same… Nor will any one of the rulers in the Churches, however highly gifted
he may be in point of eloquence, teach doctrines different from these (for no
one is greater than the Master); nor, on the other hand, will he who is
deficient in power of expression inflict injury on the tradition. For the faith
being ever one and the same, neither does one who is able at great length to
discourse regarding it, make any addition to it, nor does one, who can say but
little diminish it.”
1.32.3 “It was necessary clearly to prove, that, as their very opinions and
regulations exhibit them, those who are of the school of Valentinus derive their
origin from such mothers, fathers, and ancestors, and also to bring forward
their doctrines, with the hope that perchance some of them, exercising
repentance and returning to the only Creator, and God the Former of the
universe, may obtain salvation, and that others may not henceforth be drown away
by their wicked, although plausible, persuasions, imagining that they will
obtain from them the knowledge of some greater and more sublime mysteries.”
2.9.1 “is of itself sufficient,-all men, in fact,
consenting to this truth: the ancients on their part preserving with special
care, from the tradition of the first-formed man, this persuasion, while they
celebrate the praises of one God… The Universal Church, moreover, through the whole
world, has received this tradition from the apostles.”
2.21.1 “or [He made choice
of no such other number of disciples; but] after the twelve apostles, our Lord
is found to have sent seventy others before Him.”
3.1.1 “after our Lord rose from the dead, [the apostles] were
invested with power from on high when the Holy Spirit came down [upon them],
were filled from all [His gifts], and had perfect knowledge”
3.2.1 “when we refer them to that tradition which originates from the
apostles, [and] which is preserved by means of the succession of presbyters in
the Churches…  It is within the power of all, therefore, in every Church, who may wish to
see the truth, to contemplate clearly the tradition of the apostles manifested
throughout the whole world; and we are in a position to reckon up those who were
by the apostles instituted bishops in the Churches, and [to demonstrate] the
succession of these men to our own times
3.3.3 “The blessed apostles, then, having founded and built up the Church,
committed into the hands of Linus the office of the episcopate. Of this Linus,
Paul makes mention in the Epistles to Timothy. To him succeeded Anacletus; and
after him, in the third place from the apostles, Clement was allotted the
bishopric. This man, as he had seen the blessed apostles, and had been
conversant with them, might be said to have the preaching of the apostles still
echoing [in his ears], and their traditions before his eyes. Nor was he alone
[in this], for there were many still remaining who had received instructions
from the apostles.”
3.3.4 “Polycarp also was not only instructed by apostles, and conversed with
many who had seen Christ, but was also, by apostles in Asia, appointed bishop of
the Church in Smyrna, whom I also saw in my early youth, for he tarried [on
earth] a very long time, and, when a very old man, gloriously and most nobly
suffering martyrdom,
departed this life, having always taught the things which he had learned from
the apostles, and which the Church has handed down, and which alone are true.”
3.11.13 “that both the apostles and their disciples thus taught as the Church
preaches, and thus teaching were perfected, wherefore also they were called away
to that which is perfect-Stephen, teaching these truths, when he was yet on
earth, saw the glory of God, and Jesus on His right hand,”

Authentic Gospels
1.26.2 “Ebionites agree that the world was made by God; but
their opinions with respect to the Lord are similar to those of Cerinthus and
Carpocrates. They use the Gospel according to Matthew only, and repudiate the
Apostle Paul, maintaining that he was an apostate from the law. As to the
prophetical writings, they endeavour to expound them in a somewhat singular
manner: they practise circumcision, persevere in the observance of those customs
which are enjoined by the law, and are so Judaic in their style of life, that
they even adore Jerusalem as if it were the house of God.”
2.27.3 “f, however, we cannot discover explanations of all those things in
Scripture which are made the subject of investigation, yet let us not on that
account seek after any other God besides Him who really exists. For this is the
very greatest impiety. We should leave things of that nature to God who created
us, being most properly assured that the Scriptures are indeed perfect, since
they were spoken by the Word of God and His Spirit;”
3.1.1 “Matthew also issued a written Gospel
among the Hebrews
in their own dialect, while Peter and Paul were preaching at Rome, and laying
the foundations of the Church. After their departure, Mark, the disciple and
interpreter of Peter, did also hand down to us in writing what had been preached
by Peter. Luke also, the companion of Paul, recorded in a book the Gospel
preached by him. Afterwards, John, the disciple of the Lord, who also had leaned
upon His breast, did himself publish a Gospel during his residence at Ephesus in
Asia.”
3.3.4 “therefore, the tradition from the apostles does thus exist in the
Church, and is permanent among us, let us revert to the Scrip-rural proof
furnished by those apostles who did also write the Gospel, in which they
recorded the doctrine regarding God, pointing out that our Lord Jesus Christ is
the truth,
and that no lie is in Him.”

Millennial Kingdom and End Times
1.10.3 “the advent of the Son of God took place in these last times, that is, in the
end, rather than in the beginning [of the world]; and unfold what is contained
in the Scriptures concerning the end [itself], and things to come”

The Rule of Faith

1.10.1 ” The Church, though dispersed through our the whole world, even to the ends
of the earth, has received from the apostles and their disciples this faith:
[She believes] in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven, and earth, and
the sea, and all things that are in them; and in one Christ Jesus, the Son of
God, who became incarnate for our salvation; and in the Holy Spirit, who
proclaimed through the prophets the dispensations
of God, and the advents, and the birth from a virgin, and the passion, and the
resurrection from the dead, and the ascension into heaven in the flesh of the
beloved Christ Jesus, our Lord, and His [future] manifestation from heaven in
the glory of the Father “to gather all things in one,”
and to raise up anew all flesh of the whole human race, in order that to Christ
Jesus, our Lord, and God, and Saviour, and King, according to the will of the
invisible Father,”
1.10.3 “truly divine wisdom maintain; while the Catholic Church
possesses one and the same faith throughout the whole world”
1.22.1 “The rule
of truth which we hold, is, that there is one God Almighty, who made all things
by His Word, and fashioned and formed, out of that which had no existence, all
things which exist.”
Chapter XXIV.

Unity of God

He taught that God was perfectly unified as father, son, and spirit.  He draws a lot from Justin Martyr’s The Word theology and understandings which derived from John’s gospel.

2.11.1 “They do not believe that He, who is God above all, formed by His Word, in
His own territory, as He Himself pleased, the various and diversified [works of
creation which exist], inasmuch as He is the former of all things, like a wise
architect, and a most powerful monarch”

All Powerful-Almighty God
1.22.1 ”
There is no exception or deduction stated; but the Father made all things by
Him, whether visible or invisible, objects of sense or of intelligence,
temporal, on account of a certain character given them, or eternal; and these
eternal things He did not make by angels, or by any powers separated from His Ennoea.
For God needs none of all these things, but is He who, by His Word and Spirit,
makes, and disposes, and governs all things, and commands all things into
existence”
2.I “there is nothing either above Him or after Him;
nor that, influenced by any one, but of His own free will, He created all
things, since He is the only God, the only Lord, the only Creator, the only
Father, alone containing all things, and Himself commanding all things into
existence.”
Against Heresies Book II

All Knowing
2.26.3 “if any one should ask us whether every number of all the things which
have been made, and which are made, is known to God, and whether every one of
these [numbers] has, according to His providence, received that special amount
which it contains; and on our agreeing that such is the case, and acknowledging
that not one of the things which have been, or are, or shall be made, escapes
the knowledge of God, but that through His providence every one of them has
obtained its nature, and rank, and number, and special quantity, and that
nothing whatever either has been or is produced in vain or accidentally, but
with exceeding suitability [to the purpose intended], and in the exercise of
transcendent knowledge, and that it was an admirable and truly divine
intellect
which could both distinguish and bring forth the proper causes of such a system:”

Monotheism
2.I  “there is nothing either above Him or after Him;
nor that, influenced by any one, but of His own free will, He created all
things, since He is the only God, the only Lord, the only Creator, the only
Father, alone containing all things, and Himself commanding all things into
existence.”
Against Heresies Book II
2.9.1 “that all the Scriptures call out [to
the same effect], and the Lord teaches us of this Father
who is in heaven, and no other… is of itself sufficient,-all men, in fact,
consenting to this truth: the ancients on their part preserving with special
care, from the tradition of the first-formed man, this persuasion, while they
celebrate the praises of one God””

Deity of Jesus and Son of God

1.9.2 “when John,
proclaiming one God, the Almighty, and one Jesus Christ, the Only-begotten, by
whom all things were made, declares that this was the Son of God, this the
Only-begotten, this the Former of all things, this the true Light who
enlighteneth every man this the Creator of the world, this He that came to His
own, this He that became flesh and dwelt among us… the apostle did not speak concerning their conjunctions, but concerning
our Lord Jesus Christ, whom he also acknowledges as the Word of God, he himself
has made evident… Jesus who suffered for us, and who dwelt
among us, is Himself the Word of God.”
1.9.3 “the Word of the Father who descended is the same also that
ascended, He, namely, the Only-begotten Son of the only God, who, according to
the good pleasure of the Father, became flesh for the sake of men, the apostle
certainly does not speak regarding any other,”
1.10.3 “gratefully
describe on what account the Word of God became flesh and suffered”
1.26.1 “[Heretic] He represented Jesus as having not been born of a virgin, but as
being the son of Joseph and Mary according to the ordinary course of human
generation, while he nevertheless was more righteous, prudent, and wise than
other men. Moreover, after his baptism, Christ descended upon him in the form of
a dove from the Supreme Ruler, and that then he proclaimed the unknown Father,
and performed miracles.”
1.27.1 “Cerdo was one who took his system from the followers of Simon, and came to
live at Rome in the time of Hyginus, who held the ninth place in the episcopal
succession from the apostles downwards. He taught that the God proclaimed by the
law and the prophets was not the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
3.16 the
Apostolic Writings, that Jesus Christ Was One and the Same, the Only Begotten
Son of God, Perfect God and Perfect Man.

Chapter XIX.-Jesus Christ Was Not a
Mere Man, Begotten from Joseph in the Ordinary Course of Nature, But Was Very
God, Begotten of the Father Most High, and Very Man, Born’ Of the
Virgin.
 

Resurrection

3.1.1 “after our Lord rose from the dead, [the apostles] were
invested with power from on high when the Holy Spirit came down [upon them],
were filled from all [His gifts], and had perfect knowledge”

Atonement

1.9.2 “Jesus who suffered for us”
1.9.3 “for the sake of men… He who became incarnate for us”
2.20.3 “But the Lord, our Christ, underwent a valid, and not a
merely
accidental passion; not only was He Himself not in danger of being destroyed,
but He also established fallen man
by His own strength, and recalled him to incorruption… the
Lord, having suffered, and bestowing the knowledge of the Father, conferred on
us salvation… the Lord, through means of suffering, “ascending into the lofty
place, led captivity captive, gave gifts to men,”
and conferred on those that believe in Him the power “to tread upon serpents and
scorpions, and on all the power of the enemy,”
that is, of the leader of apostasy. Our Lord also by His passion destroyed
death, and dispersed error, and put an end to corruption, and destroyed
ignorance, while He manifested life and revealed truth, and bestowed the gift of
incorruption “

Election

2.21.1 “set forth by
the Saviour through the election of the apostles”
Chapter XXV.-This World is Ruled
Providence of One God, Who is Both Endowed with Infinite Justice to Punish the
Wicked, and with Infinite Goodness to Bless the Pious, and Impart to Them
Salvation.

Virgin Birth

Chapter XIX.-Jesus Christ Was Not a
Mere Man, Begotten from Joseph in the Ordinary Course of Nature, But Was Very
God, Begotten of the Father Most High, and Very Man, Born’ Of the
Virgin.

Chapter XXI
Chapter XXII.-Christ Assumed Actual
Flesh, Conceived and Born of the Virgin.
 
 

Bodily/Humanity Presence of God

1.9.2 “He that came to His
own, this He that became flesh and dwelt among us… and who dwelt
among us is Himself the Word of God.”
1.9.3 ” according to
the good pleasure of the Father, became flesh… But flesh is that which
was of old formed for Adam by God out of the dust, and it is this that John has
declared the Word of God became.”
Chapter XXII.-Christ Assumed Actual
Flesh, Conceived and Born of the Virgin.

Hypostatic Union of Jesus as Christ

Chapter XVIII.-Continuation of the
Foregoing Argument. Proofs from the Writings of St. Paul, and from the Words
of Our Lord, that Christ and Jesus Cannot Be Considered as Distinct Beings;
Neither Can It Be Alleged that the Son of God Became Man Merely in Appearance,
But that He Did So Truly and Actually.

Chapter XXII.-Christ Assumed Actual
Flesh, Conceived and Born of the Virgin.
 

Accountability

I1.2 Error, indeed, is never set forth in its naked deformity, lest, being thus
exposed, it should at once be detected… unless it come under the eye of
one able to test and expose the counterfeit.
1.32.3 “It was necessary clearly to prove, that, as their very opinions and
regulations exhibit them, those who are of the school of Valentinus derive their
origin from such mothers, fathers, and ancestors, and also to bring forward
their doctrines, with the hope that perchance some of them, exercising
repentance and returning to the only Creator, and God the Former of the
universe, may obtain salvation, and that others may not henceforth be drown away
by their wicked, although plausible, persuasions, imagining that they will
obtain from them the knowledge of some greater and more sublime mysteries.”
1.32.3 ”
look with contempt upon their doctrines”

Name Dropping & Calling out

I1.2  “brevity and
clearness to set forth the opinions of those who are now promulgating heresy. I
refer especially to the disciples of Ptolemaeus, whose school may be described
as a bud from that of Valentinus.”
1.22.2 “Now this Simon of Samaria, from whom all sorts of heresies derive their
origin… a city of Phoenicia, a certain woman named Helena.”
1.22.5 “The successor of this man was Menander, also a Samaritan by birth, and he,
too, was a perfect adept in the practice of magic”
1.24.1 “Arising among these men, Saturninus (who was of that Antioch which is near
Daphne) and Basilides”
1.25.1 “Carpocrates, again, and his followers”
1.26.1 ” Cerinthus, again, a man who was educated
in the wisdom of the Egyptians,”

Saved by Grace through faith

1.6.2 “We of the Church, they say, are these persons.
Wherefore also they maintain that good works are necessary to us, for that
otherwise it is impossible we should be saved.”
1.25.5 “We
are saved, indeed, by means of faith and love”
1.31.1 “They also
hold, like Carpocrates, that men cannot be saved until they have gone through
all kinds of experience.”
Chapter XXV.-This World is Ruled
Providence of One God, Who is Both Endowed with Infinite Justice to Punish the
Wicked, and with Infinite Goodness to Bless the Pious, and Impart to Them
Salvation.

Faith produces works

1.6.3 “Wherefore also it comes to pass, that the “most perfect” among them addict
themselves without fear to all those kinds of forbidden deeds of which the
Scriptures assure us that “they who do such things shall not inherit the kingdom
of God.”

Sinlessness

1.6.4 “while they highly exalt themselves,
and claim to be perfect, and the elect seed.”
1.11.6 ” They
proclaim themselves as being “perfect,” so that no one can be compared to them
with respect to the immensity of their knowledge, nor even were you to mention
Paul or Peter, or any other of the apostles. They assert that they themselves
know more than all others, and that they alone have imbibed the greatness of the
knowledge of that power which is unspeakable.”

License to Sin

1.6.5 “For they declare that we simply
receive grace for use, wherefore also it will again be taken away from us; but
that they themselves have grace as their own special possession, which has
descended from above by means of an unspeakable and indescribable conjunction;
and on this account more will be given them.”
1.11.6 “For they
affirm, that because of the “Redemption”
it has come to pass that they can neither be apprehended, nor even seen by the
judge. But even if he should happen to lay hold upon them, then they might
simply repeat these words, while standing in his presence along with the
“Redemption:”
1.26.3 “They lead lives of unrestrained indulgence.”

Judgement

1.10.1  “He should execute just judgment towards all; that He may send
“spiritual wickednesses,”
and the angels who transgressed and became apostates, together with the ungodly,
and unrighteous, and wicked, and profane among men, into everlasting fire;”
1.22.1 “these men shall one day
rise again in the flesh, to confess the power of Him who raises them from the
dead; but they shall not be numbered among the righteous on account of their
unbelief.”

Bodily Resurrection
1.22.1 “these men shall one day
rise again in the flesh, to confess the power of Him who raises them from the
dead; but they shall not be numbered among the righteous on account of their
unbelief.”

Salvation

1.10.1  “in the exercise of His grace, confer immortality on the righteous, and
holy, and those who have kept His commandments, and have persevered in His love,
some from the beginning [of their Christian course], and others from [the date
of] their repentance, and may surround them with everlasting glory.”
1.31.3 “It was necessary clearly to prove, that, as their very opinions and
regulations exhibit them, those who are of the school of Valentinus derive their
origin from such mothers, fathers, and ancestors, and also to bring forward
their doctrines, with the hope that perchance some of them, exercising
repentance and returning to the only Creator, and God the Former of the
universe, may obtain salvation, and that others may not henceforth be drown away
by their wicked, although plausible, persuasions, imagining that they will
obtain from them the knowledge of some greater and more sublime mysteries.”

Adoptionism

2.11.2 “that this One is really God over
all; and that He teaches that that adoption of sons pertaining to the Father,
which is eternal life, takes place through Himself, conferring it [as He does]
on all the righteous.”

The Trinity

1.10.3 ” though
invisible, manifested Himself to the prophets not under one form, but
differently to different individuals”
1.22.1 “He is the
Father of our Lord Jesus Christ… Holding, therefore, this
rule, we shall easily show, notwithstanding the great variety and multitude of
their opinions, that these men have deviated from the truth; for almost all the
different sects of heretics admit that there is one God; but then, by their
pernicious doctrines, they change [this truth into error], even as the Gentiles
do through idolatry,-thus proving themselves ungrateful to Him that created
them”

Evil can do Miracles too (Possession)


1.11.1 “He is a perfect adept in magical impostures,
and by this means drawing away a great number of men… Thus it appears as if he really were
the precursor of Antichrist.
1.11.3 “It appears probable enough that this man possesses a demon as his familiar
spirit, by means of whom he seems able to prophesy,
and also enables as many as he counts worthy to be partakers of his Charis
themselves to prophesy”
1.22.1 “Simon the Samaritan was that magician of whom Luke, the disciple and
follower of the apostles, says, “But there was a certain man, Simon by name, who
beforetime used magical arts in that city, and led astray the people of Samaria,
declaring that he himself was some great one, to whom they all gave heed, from
the least to the greatest, saying, This is the power of God, which is called
great. And to him they had regard, because that of long time he had driven them
mad by his sorceries.”
 1.22.2  “For since the angels ruled the world ill because each one of them
coveted the principal power for himself… Thus, then, the mystic priests belonging to this sect both lead profligate
lives and practise magical arts, each one to the extent of his ability. They use
exorcisms and incantations. Love-potions, too, and charms, as well as those
beings who are called “Paredri” (familiars) and “Oniropompi” (dream-senders),
and whatever other curious arts can be had recourse to, are eagerly pressed into
their service.
1.25.3 “They practise also magical arts and incantations; philters, also, and
love-potions; and have recourse to familiar spirits, dream-sending demons, and
other abominations, declaring that they possess power to rule over, even now,
the princes and formers of this world;”

Pentecostalism and Spiritual gifts (Emotionalism)

1.11.3 “[Van is speaking]open thy mouth
and prophesy.” On the woman replying,” I have never at any time prophesied, nor
do I know how to prophesy; “then engaging, for the second time, in certain
invocations, so as to astound his deluded victim, he says to her,” Open thy
mouth, speak whatsoever occurs to thee, and thou shalt prophesy. She then,
vainly puffed up and elated by these words, and greatly excited in soul by the
expectation that it is herself who is to prophesy, her heart beating violently
[from emotion], reaches the requisite pitch of audacity, and idly as well as
impudently utters some nonsense as it happens. to occur to her, such as might be
expected from one heated by an empty spirit. (Referring to this, one superior to
me has observed, that the soul is both audacious and impudent when heated with
empty air.) Henceforth she reckons herself a prophetess, and expresses her
thanks to Marcus for having imparted to her of his own Chaffs.”
1.11.4 “being well aware
that the gift of prophecy is not conferred on men by Marcus, the magician, but
that only those to whom God sends His grace from above possess the
divinely-bestowed power of prophesying; and then they speak where and when God
pleases, and not when Marcus orders them to do so.”

Confession & Repentance 

1.11.5  “At last, when, with no small difficulty, the brethren had converted
her, she spent her whole time in the exercise of public confession,
weeping over and lamenting the defilement”
1.11.7 “Some of them, indeed, make a public confession of their sins; but others of them
are ashamed to do this, and in a tacit kind of way, despairing of [attaining to]
the life of God, have, some of them, apostatized altogether;”
1.31.3 “It was necessary clearly to prove, that, as their very opinions and
regulations exhibit them, those who are of the school of Valentinus derive their
origin from such mothers, fathers, and ancestors, and also to bring forward
their doctrines, with the hope that perchance some of them, exercising
repentance and returning to the only Creator, and God the Former of the
universe, may obtain salvation, and that others may not henceforth be drown away
by their wicked, although plausible, persuasions, imagining that they will
obtain from them the knowledge of some greater and more sublime mysteries.”

Secret Knowledge and Numerology 

1.17 & 18
1.24.7
1.25.5 “And in their writings we read as follows, the interpretation which they give [of
their views], declaring that Jesus spoke in a mystery to His disciples and
apostles privately, and that they requested and obtained permission to hand down
the things thus taught them, to others who should be worthy and believing.”
2.24-25

Prosperity Gospel

1.22.2 “suspecting that even this was done through a kind of greater knowledge of
magic, and offering money to the apostles, thought he, too, might receive this
power of bestowing the Holy Spirit on whomsoever he would… was addressed in
these words by Peter: “Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought
that the gift of God can be purchased with money: thou hast neither part nor lot
in this matter, for thy heart is not fight in the sight of God; for I perceive
that thou art in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.”
He, then, not putting faith in God a whit the more, set himself eagerly to
contend against the apostles, in order that he himself might seem to be a
wonderful being, and applied himself with still greater zeal to the study of the
whole magic art, that he might the better bewilder and overpower multitudes of
men.

Marriage and Eating Meat

1.28.1 ” preached against marriage, thus setting
aside the original creation of God, and indirectly blaming Him who made the male
and female for the propagation of the human race. Some of those reckoned among
them have also introduced abstinence from animal food, thus proving themselves
ungrateful to God, who formed all things… he declared that marriage was nothing else than
corruption and fornication.
But his denial of Adam’s salvation was an opinion due entirely to himself.”
1.28.2 “following upon Basilides and Carpocrates, have introduced
promiscuous intercourse and a plurality of wives, and are indifferent about
eating meats sacrificed to idols, maintaining that God does not greatly regard
such matters:

Legalism

3.11.12 “or all those who are of a perverse mind, having been set against the
Mosaic legislation, judging it to be dissimilar and contrary to the doctrine of
the Gospel”

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